Every flowering plant has its own blossoming pattern, called an inflorescence, from the Latin phrase, "to begin to bloom."   A pineapple grows as a fractal - a spiral in which the curve remains identical at every scale. A spiral is the quintessential labyrinth: one path, one center.   A maze, on the other hand, while often confused with the labyrinth, has many paths and dead ends. On the Historic Dole Plantation in Hawai'i can be found a giant hedge maze, covering over three acres with nearly two and a half miles of pathway, made from 14,000 native Hawaiian plants.   Concealed within the maze are eight secret stations.

An Inflorescence, pineapple juice, fire, scorched pineapple skin, lipstick, gold acrylic, ink pens and watercolor on kozo paper, 11 in. x 75 ft., 2020

Detail: Fish

“Walk through the flora of the islands as you seek out eight secret stations that each lead you

closer to the mystery at the heart of this larger-than-life labyrinth.”


– Dole Plantation Official Website

Detail: Sun

Detail: Pineapple

Detail: Hula Girl

Detail: Warrior
Detail: Train
Detail: Palm Tree
Detail: Sea Urchin

A labyrinth is a single pathway, a line coiled around itself. Spiral comes from the

Latin "spiralis," which means “winding around a fixed center, coiling.” It’s also related to the Greek word "speira" which means: “a twist, wreath, anything wound or coiled.”  What happens if the coil becomes a knot? Can a knot still be a labyrinth?

An Inflorescence was installed at Tortuga Gallery as part of Kristen's MFA thesis 

show, once the juice dries hold it close to the heat, in Albuquerque, NM (2020).